Q: What does the term “early menopause” refer to?
Marla Ahlgrimm: The average age for menopause in the United States is 51. Generally, most women experience menopause between the ages of 40 and 60. Early menopause usually refers to cases where menopause starts before the age of 40.
Q: What causes early menopause?
Marla Ahlgrimm: Sometimes there is a medical reason for early menopause. Women who have had a surgery such as hysterectomy or experience breast cancer may enter early menopause. When there’s no obvious medical reason for early menopause, the cause often lies in a woman’s genes, sometimes in her lifestyle.
Q: How does lifestyle influence early menopause?
Marla Ahlgrimm: Studies have shown that women who smoke are likely to start menopause one to two years earlier than women who don’t. Smoking does a lot of damage to ovaries, and that can lead to early menopause.
Q: What does early menopause mean for a woman’s health?
Marla Ahlgrimm: The most obvious concern is the end of her fertility, but there are other health worries too. Losing estrogen earlier than normal can put her at increased risk for heart disease, osteoporosis, Parkinson’s-like symptoms, depression and dementia.
Q: Is it possible to predict one’s menopause age?
Marla Ahlgrimm: Other than avoiding smoking, there’s probably not much you can do to influence the age at which you’ll start menopause. But if you’re over the age of 45 and skip at least three periods in a row, you’re going to move on to menopause relatively soon.